There is no one way for schools to become trauma-informed.
However, there are foundational principles (pillars) that move schools closer to this end goal. The goal of trauma-informed schools is to create environments in which all students, especially those with trauma histories, feel safe, nurtured and included so that they can work to their potential and become resilient to the effects of trauma.
Trauma Informed Schools:
- Ensure all members of the school community feel safe, respected and valued
- Increase awareness of the signs and symptoms of trauma
- Increase awareness of biases and stereotypes
- Build community
- Develop and model positive relationships
- Reduce punitive discipline
- Communicate and reinforce goals and expectations
- Avoid deficit thinking and language
- Incorporate social–emotional skills and positive coping
- Create a support system to address emergent needs